A high-level roadmap for the period up to 2030 lists the projects and activities necessary for the realization of green hydrogen production, infrastructure, markets, regulatory framework, research and education, and societal awareness.
The most important projects to kick start the green hydrogen economy are the large-scale production of green hydrogen from green energy (mainly offshore wind, hydropower and biomass) together with a pipeline transport infrastructure to an industrial offtake cluster in Delfzijl and Rotterdam, Limburg and Germany. The hydrogen is then used as a feedstock in the (petro)chemical industry. Markets for hydrogen as a fuel for transportation, together with the hydrogen fueling infrastructure, needs to be developed in a second phase. Third, markets for power balancing can be developed, both on a large scale via the Magnum power plant which will be fueled by ammonia-hydrogen and on a local scale via solar-hydrogen smart areas. After 2025/2030, markets may include hydrogen for industrial steam production, heating and cooling in developed areas and international import/export of green hydrogen.
Two important projects that will contribute to the unique opportunities in the Northern Netherlands for a green hydrogen economy are already under construction. The Gemini offshore wind farm will be fully operational in 2017 and the COBRA offshore electricity cable to Denmark will be operational in 2019. Furthermore, the first hydrogen fueling station using the ‘waste’ hydrogen from AkzoNobel, located next to the chemical site in Delfzijl, will be operational by the end of 2017 and will initially be used to fuel two busses. Many other green hydrogen projects in the Northern Netherlands are in development, including hydrogen fueling stations, busses, garbage trucks, cars, hydrogen production by small scale electrolysis, storage and infrastructure, among others.