Through these projects, activities and systems in the period between 2017 and 2030, about 270,000 tons of hydrogen (38 petajoules) will be produced annually in the Northern Netherlands.
This large-scale hydrogen production is necessary to realize low hydrogen production costs of 2 to 3 euros per kilogram, which is more or less competitive with present fossil-based hydrogen prices. However, the emerging markets for hydrogen in mobility (modes of transportation with hydrogen fuel cells) and grid balancing can by no means absorb this hydrogen volume. The main markets for hydrogen are the feedstock markets in the chemical and the petrochemical industries. In the Netherlands, the total hydrogen market is about 2,100,000 tons. In the Northern Netherlands, the existing chemical industry can produce green ammonia and green methanol by using large quantities of green hydrogen. Hydrogen transportation facilities also need to be developed, including gas pipelines retrofitted into dedicated hydrogen pipelines to Rotterdam, Limburg and Germany which connect to the existing (petro)chemical hydrogen markets. Harbor facilities for hydrogen import and export worldwide by ship is a next step in hydrogen infrastructure development. These facilities can only be realized and run economically if a sufficiently large volume of hydrogen is being produced. However, such large hydrogen production volumes will only be achieved if there is a dedicated hydrogen infrastructure, trading opportunities and access to these markets.
In the Northern Netherlands, the existing chemical industry can produce green ammonia and green methanol by using large quantities of green hydrogen.
Hydrogen production and consumption in tons